Phylum:Anamorphic fungi >> Class: Anamorphic fungi >>  Order: Anamorphic fungi 
   
 
 BCRC Number 32572      
   
 Scientific Name: Penicillium chermesinum
 
   
   
 Author:

Penicillium chermesinum Biourge, Cellule 33; 284. 1923.

Subgenus : Aspergilloides

   
 
 
 
 
 Description: CYA, 25°C, 7 days: colony diameters 23-30 mm, center umbonate, convoluted, subcenter low to moderately deep, radially sulcate, floccose, margin entire, narrow; mycelium white; conidiogenesis heavy, greyish green (29B5-7), light green to yellowish green (29A5-7); exudate and soluble pigment absent; reverse greyish yellow (4B3-5), greyish brown (7D3-5), or brownish orange (6C8). MEA, 25°C, 7 days: colony diameters 26-30 mm, plane, low, center somewhat raised, floc-cose; margin narrow, effuse; mycelium white or grey; conidiogenesis moderate to heavy, greyish green (26-27D2-4); exudate lacking; soluble pigment brownish orange (7A6-8), reddish orange (7B7-8) or orange red (8A6-8); reverse brownish red (9C7-8), greyish red (9B6-8) or greyish red-orange red (8B6-8) to pinkish-pastel red (8A2-5). G25N, 25°C, 7 days: colony diameters, 5-11 mm, center conspicuously raised, subcenter, sulcate, floccose to fasciculate, margin dense ropy; mycelium white; conidiogenesis sparse; exudate and soluble pigment absent; reverse greyish orange (5B4-6) to greyish yellow (4B3-6). CYA, 5°C, 7 days: no growth. CYA, 37°C, 7 days: colony diameters 11-14 mm, center deep, subcenter raised, crateriform, floccose, fascicle; margin entire narrow; mycelium white; conidiogenesis heavy, greyish green (29B3-5), pale green to light green (29A3-5); exudate lacking; soluble pigment mostly absent, rarely present pinkish, pale red (7A2-3, 8A2-3); reverse greyish yellow (4C3-5), brownish orange (5C3-5) to yellowish brown (5D5-6, 5E5-7) or orange white (5A2-3). Conidiophores and conidia: conidiophores on MEA borne from surface or aerial mycelium; stipes septate, apices vesiculate, 25.3-60.3 × 2.0-3.2 μm, smooth, more or less thick-walled; strictly monoverticillate, bearing verticils of 3-30 phialides; phialides ampulliform, 6.3-9.5 × 2.4-3.2 μm, with collula up to 2 μm long; conidia mostly subspherical, ellipsoidal, 2.0-2.7 × 1.6-3.3 μm, smooth, borne in well-defined columns.
 
 
 
 
 
 Specimens:

Taiwan, Tainan County, Hsiaying, from soil and soybean seed.

 
 
 
 Habitat: from soil and soybean seed.
 
 
 
 Distribution:

Taiwan, USA, Panama.

 
 
 
 References:

Tzean, SS et al. 1994.

   
   
   
 Provided:

S. S. Tzean and S. C. Chiu

 
 
 Note: infrequent occurrence species, voucher culture CCRC 32572.