Phylum:Basidiomycota >> Class: Basidiomycetes >>  Order: Stereales 
 BCRC Number NO BCRC Number!  
 Scientific Name: Xylobolus subpileatus

Xylobolus subpileatus (Berk. & Curt.) Boidin, Rev. Mycol. 23: 341. 1958.

 Description: Basidiocarp perennial, woody, stratose, effused-reflexed to pileate, up to 6 mm thick, pileus from narrowly reflexed margin to quite large and irregular, flabelliform to petalliform or dimidiate; hymenial surface deep cream to yellowish brown, smooth to unevenly tuberculate, rarely creviced; upper surface yellowish brown, brown to finally blackish brown, concentrically zonate, quite uneven and rough, densely tomentose when newly formed especially near the margin but the tomentum is soon replaced by a hard bark-like rind. Hyphal system dimitic; generative hyphal 2-3 μm in diam, clamps absent, thin-walled, subhyaline; skeletal hyphae 3-5 μm in diam, light brown, thick-walled. Cystidia of variable length, 4-6 μm in diam, cylindrical, incrusted with crystals, subhyaline to pale brown, thick, smooth or occasionally with a few spine-like processes. Acanthophyses 20-50 × 3-6 μm, clavate to clavate-cylindrical, naked or covered with crystals, subhyaline to tinted brown, covered with spines. Basidiospores ellipsoid, subhyaline, smooth, amyloid, 4-5 × 2-3.5 μm.

Taiwan, Yilan:Yuanshan, alt. 650 m, on rotten hardwood, Mar 1992, TFRI 258. Taichung:Wuling, alt. 2100 m, on rotten wood of Chamaecyparis formosensis, Sep 1991, TFRI 103.

 Habitat: Lignicolous causing white rot of wood.



Chang, TT. 1993b.


T. T. Chang

 Note: The fungus is characterized by its cystidia and acanthophyses.