Phylum:Zygomycota >> Class: Zygomycetes >>  Order: Zoopagales 
 BCRC Number NO BCRC Number!  
 Scientific Name: Syncephalis parvula

Syncephalis parvula Gruhn, Can. J. Microbiol. 37: 356. 1991.

 Description: Vegetative mycelium slender, about 1 µm in diameter, smooth, hyaline, running over the host. Sporophores simple, 30-56.3 µm high (rhizoid not included), 8.8-12.5 µm wide at the broadest point near the base, tapering gradually to 2.4-3.8 µm wide immediately below the fertile vesicle, erect or slightly curved, single or in groups up to four, attached to the substratum by short, stout rhizoid. Fertile heads spherical, 10.0-17.5 µm in diameter bearing up to 18 unbranched merosporangia on its upper hemisphere. Merosporangia cylindrical, 10-23 × 2.3-2.7 µm, each mature merosporangium containing two to four (usually three) spores. Spores cylindrical, 4.5-7.5 × 2.2-2.7 µm, with persistent remanent of the merosporangial wall outside the spores. Warts visible on the heads after the release of the spores. At maturity, spores held in a brown liquid droplet on the top of the sporangiophore. Zygospores not observed.

S1P2O2, soil from Yamingshan, Taipei, Jan. 2000; SWL0103, soil from Wulai, Taipei county, Sep. 2000.

 Habitat: null

Germany; Taiwan.


Benjamin, RK. 1959; Gruhn, U. and Petzold, H. 1991; Ho, HM. 2002.


H. M. Ho

 Note: This fungus shows similarities with Gruhn’s original description (Gruhn & Petzold, 1991) except for the number of spores per merosporangium. Gruhn’s isolate has usually two spores in a merosporangium while the present isolate possesses 2-4, usually 3 spores per merosporangium.