Phylum:Zygomycota >> Class: Zygomycetes >>  Order: Glomales 
 BCRC Number NO BCRC Number!  
 Scientific Name: Sclerocystis coremioides

= Scelerocystis dussii (Pat.) von Hohn., Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wein Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. Abt. I.119:399. 1910.

Sclerocystis coremioides Berk. & Bromme, J. Linn. Soc. London 14: 137. 1873.

= Spherocreas dussii (Pat.) von Hohn., Stizungsber. Kaiserl. Akad.Wiss. Wien Math.-Naturqiss. Kl. Abt. I. 118:401. 1909.

= Sphaerocreas coccogena (Pat.) van Hohn, Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. Abt. I. 118:401. 1909.

= Ackermannia coccogena Pat., Bull. Soc. Mycol. France 18:183. 902.

= Sclerocystis coccogena (Pat.) von Hohn., Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wein Matn.-Naturwiss. Kl. Abt. I.119:399. 1910.

= Xenomyces ochraceus Cesati, Atti R. Accad. Sci. Fisiche e Math. Napoli 8:26. 1878.

= Spherocreas javanicum von Hohn., Sitzungsber. Kaisherl. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. Abt. I. 117:1014-1015. 1908.

= Endogne minutissima Beeli, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 56:57. 1923.

= Ackermannia dussii Pat., Bull. Soc. Mycol. France 18:180-181. 1902.

 Description: Sporocarps brown or yellow brown, 200-250 × 450-550 μm, subglobose or pulvinate, with or without multihyphal stipes, usually flattened at base; chlamydospores arranged radially in a hemispherical layer, ellipsoid, ovoid, triangular, or oblong ellipsoid to clavate, yellow brown, (35-) 45-65 (-70) × 50-80 (-90) μm; spore wall 1.5-2.5 μm and frequently thicked at base, up to 6 μm; subtending hypha long, single, occasionally two, 5-6 μm at attachment, then tapered to 7.5 μm broad; plexal hyphae broad, 6-12.5 μm; peridial hypha, thick-walled, 2.5-5 μm, sometimes with sparse septum.

1. Taiwan: Tainan, from rhizosphere of Ageratum conyzoides L., Wu-850725; 2. Taiwan: Tainan, from the rhizosphere of orange (Citrus sp.), Wu-8608141; 3. Taiwan: Taipei, from the rhizosphere of Bignonia sp., Wu-850810; 4. Taiwan: Chi-tou, from the rhizosphere of Colocasia formosanum, Wu-8607152; 5. Taiwan: Pingtung, from the rhizosphere of asparagus (Asparagus officinalis), Wu-860813; 6. USA: Oregon, F55365.

 Habitat: Rhizosphere of Ageratum conyzoides L., orange (Citrus sp.), Bignonia sp., Colocasia formosanum, asparagus (Asparagus officinalis).

Taiwan, U.S.A.




C. G. Wu

 Note: Sporocarps collected in this study were seldom formed in rows. They exist as a thin layer, or single fruit body on soil, in agreement with the description of Jao et al. (1992). Sporophores produced from the bases of attached hyphae were very common; however, the septum below the spore base was not formed frequently as described by Almeida and Schenck (1990).