Phylum:Ascomycota >> Class: Ascomycetes >>  Order: Pezizales 
 BCRC Number NO BCRC Number!  
 Scientific Name: Iodophanus verrucosporus

Iodophanus verrucosporus Kimbrough et al., Can. J. Bot. 56: 1201. 1969.

Basionym: Ascophanus verrucosporus Graff, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 17: 58. 1918.

 Description: Apothecia scattered or gregarious, discoid, 0.5-2 mm wide, pale orange. Ectal excipulum of textura angularis to globulosa, cells 12-24 × 10-18 μm, layer 120-140 μm thick, with numerous hyaline hairs on the bottom, marginal cells becoming elongate, indistinguishable from paraphyses near the asci. Medullary excipulum composed with small cells and interwoven hyphae, 6-10 μm wide, layer 30-60 μm thick. Asci 8-spored, clavate, 240-280 × 18-44 μm, walls turning blue in Melzer’s reagent. Ascospores biserriate, ellipsoid, 26-30 × 15-18 μm, verrucose, markings 0.5-0.8 μm high. Paraphyses with orange granules, filiform, base 4-6 μm wide, slightly enlarged at apices to 6-8 μm wide.

Taiwan. Yilan: Shuanglienpi, on buffalo dung, 2 Apr. 1994, Y.Z. Wang 94013 (TNM F1928). Nantou: Mingchien, on goat dung, 27 Sept. 1993, Y.Z. Wang 93105 (TNM F1186); Aowanta, on cow dung, 26 July 1994, Y.Z. Wang 94045 (TNM F2245). Penghu: Wuni, on cow dung, 6 July 1993, Y.Z. Wang 93079 (TNM F0758); Huhsi, on goat dung, 6 July 1993, Y.Z. Wang 93078 (TNMF0760).

 Habitat: On soil of shaded area and on dung of buffalo, cow, goat, and turkey roost.



Kimbrough, JW et al. 1990; Wang, YZ. 1993.


Y. Z. Wang

 Note: This species is recognized by the large verrucose ascospores. Kimbrough et al. (1969) described this species with smaller ascospores (22-27 × 14-16.5 μm).