Phylum:Ascomycota >> Class: Ascomycetes >>  Order: Pezizales 
   
 
 BCRC Number NO BCRC Number!  
   
 Scientific Name: Iodophanus carneus
 
   
   
 Author:

Iodophanus carneus (Pers.) Korf, Amer. J. Bot. 54: 19. 1967.

Basionym: Ascobolus carneus Pers., Syn, meth. Fung. 767. 1801.

   
 
 
 
 
 Description: Apothecia scattered or gregarious, discoid, 0.2-2 mm wide, pale orange. Ectal excipulum of textura angularis to globulosa, cells 20-30 μm, layer 120-140 μm thick, with numerous hyaline hairs on the bottom, marginal cells becoming elongate. Medullary excipulum composed with small cells and interwoven hyphae, 8-10 μm wide. Asci 8-spored, clavate, 220-250 × 26-30 μm, walls turning blue in Melzer’s reagent. Ascospores bisseriate, ellipsoid, 16-20 × 11-12 μm, verrucose. Paraphyses with orange granules, filiform, slightly enlarged at apices to 6-9 μm wide.
 
 
 
 
 
 Specimens:

Taiwan. Changhua: Yinhangshan, on cow dung, 22 June 1995, Y.Z. Wang 95017 (TNM F3440); Changhua, on goat dung, 20 May 1996, Y.Z. Wang 9636 (TNM F4723). Hualin: Juisui, on cow dung, 4 Nov. 1994, Y.Z. Wang 94071 (TNM F2585). Kaohsiung: Chiahsien, on cow dung, 27 Jan. 1994, Y.Z. Wang 94004 (TNM F1661). Nantou: Chingching Farm, on sheep dung, 5 Jan. 1993, Y.Z. Wang 93001(TNM F0702).

 
 
 
 Habitat: Coprophilous. On dung of various animal, decaying vegetable matter, and soil.
 
 
 
 Distribution:

Cosmopolitan.

 
 
 
 References:

Kimbrough, JW et al. 1990; Wang, YZ. 1999.

   
   
   
 Provided:

Y. Z. Wang

 
 
 Note: This is the most common coprophilous discomycete found in Taiwan. The pigment of the apothecia becomes pale orange when inoculated indoors. Kimbrough et al. (1969) treated the non-coprophilous collections under I. testaceus (Moug.) Korf.