Phylum:Ascomycota >> Class: Ascomycetes >>  Order: Pezizales 
 BCRC Number NO BCRC Number!  
 Scientific Name: Ascobolus furfuraceus

Ascobolus furfuraceus Pers: Fr., Sys. Mycol. 2: 163. 1822.

 Description: Apothecia scattered or gregarious, disc-like, sessile, 2-5 mm wide, 0.5-1.0 mm high, disc yellow then brownish, dotted with the protruding tips of ripe asci, receptacle yellowish brown, furfuraceous, margins slightly raised. Excipulum of a textura globulosa. Asci 8-spored, clavate, 153-175 × 22-27.5 μm, walls turning blue in Melzer’s reagent. Ascospores ellipsoid, 19-24 × 10-12 μm, brown to purplish brown, ornamented with 6-8 longitudinal striations, occasionally anastomosing. Paraphyses filiform, simple or branched and swollen in the middle, 2-10 μm, embedded in yellowish mucus.

Taiwan. Taoyuan: Puhsin, on horse dung, 5 Feb. 1993, Y.Z. Wang 9312 (TNM F0707).

 Habitat: Coprophilous. On dung of cow, horse, deer, goat, yak, bear, pig, fox, rabbit, and hare, on manured soil, and on rotten stems of cabbage.



Brummelen, J. 1967; Paulsen, MD and Dissing, H. 1977.


Y. Z. Wang

 Note: Brummelen (1967) stated that this species is very common and extremely variable, and Paulsen & Dissing (1979) also mentioned that it is the most common Ascobolus species in Denmark. However, it is rarely seen in Taiwan.