Phylum:Ascomycota >> Class: Ascomycetes >>  Order: Pezizales 
 BCRC Number NO BCRC Number!  
 Scientific Name: Ascobolus crenulatus

Ascobolus crenulatus P. Karst., Fungi Fenn. Exs. No. 763. 1868.

 Description: Apothecia gregarious, 1-3 mm wide, globose then open to discoid, disc greenish yellow, dotted with protruding asci. Receptacle furfuraceous with prominent crenulate margin. Excipulum of textura globulosa, cells 12-25 μm wide. Asci 8-spored, clavate, 115-200 × 14-15 μm, walls not turning to blue in Melzer's reagent. Ascospores ellipsoid, 14-15 × 7-8 μm, violet to brownish, with longitudinal striae and unilateral mucilaginous substance. Paraphyses filiform, septate, forked, regular or irregular above, sometime enlarged at the tips up to 4-7 μm, embedded in yellowish green mucus.

Taiwan. Hualien: Juisui, on cow dung, 11 Oct. 1994, Y.Z. Wang 9455 (TNM F2570). Kaohsiung: Liukuei, on monkey dung, 30 Nov. 1993, Y.Z. Wang 93111 (TNM F1417). Miaoli: Provincial Miaoli Agri-industrial Vocational High School, on horse dung, 9 Jan. 1996, Y.Z. Wang 9602 (TNM F4460); Provincial Miaoli Agri-industrial Vocational High School, on horse dung, 10 Jan. 1996, Y.Z. Wang 9605 (TNM F4463). Nantou: Huisun Forestry Station, on dung of unknown animal, 27 Dec. 1996, Y.Z. Wang 9650 (TNM F5708).

 Habitat: Coprophilous. On dung of grouse, pheasant, pigeon, raven, deer, porcupine, fox, dog, and rabbit, also on rotten leaves and stalks of herbs.



Brummelen, J. 1967; Liou, CS and Chen, ZC. 1977.


Y. Z. Wang

 Note: This species is characterized by greenish apothecia with prominent notched margins, and small striated ascospores. Brummelen (1967) described the ascospores are smaller as (8-)9.55-15(-16) × (5-)6-8 μm.