Phylum:Basidiomycota >> Class: Basidiomycetes >>  Order: Phallales 
   
 
 BCRC Number NO BCRC Number!  
   
 Scientific Name: Hyphodontia sambuci
 
   
   
 Author:

Hyphodontia sambuci (Pers.) J. Erikss., Symb. Bot. Ups. 16: 104. 1958.

Basionym: Thelephora sambuci Pers., Mycol. Eur. 1: 152. 1822.

   
 
 
 
 
 Description: Basidiocarp effuse, ± adnate, membranaceous or farinaceous, less than 100 to more than 300 μm thick in section. Hymenial surface white or slightly Cream Color, smooth or rarely slightly tuberculate, cracked or uncracked; margin concolorous, thinning, pruinose, some-times rather determinate. Hyphal system monomitic; hyphae nodose-septate. Subiculum fairly uniform composed of medullary layer, usually with rather loose texture; hyphae somewhat horizontal near substratum, ± vertical next to subhymenium, richly ramified, somewhat interwoven, colorless, distinct, 1.7-3.5 μm diam., thin-walled; capitate terminal branches occasionally present. Hymenial layer with dense texture, ± thickening, usually covered with crystals; hyphae fairly vertical, colorless, slightly narrower than those of subiculum. Hymenium and subhymenium IKI brownish, ± CB+. Cystidia variably abundant, usually projecting, capitate, sometimes cylindrical with narrower apices, ± flexuous, variable in shape and size, 20-38(-45) × 4-7 μm, thin-walled, sometimes encrusted below apices. Basidia suburniform, utriform, or subutriform, 14-23 (-25) × 3.5-5 μm, 4-sterigmate. Basidiospores broadly ellipsoid, smooth, thin-walled, with one prominent oil-drop, (4.8-) .3-6.5 (-7) × (3-) 3.2-4 (-4.5) μm, IKI-, slightly CB+.
 
 
 
 
 
 Specimens:

Taiwan. Taipei: National Taiwan University, on rotten log of angiosperm, 5 Nov 1987, Wu 871105 (H, TNM); on bamboo fence, 10 Mar 1988, Wu 880310-2 (H). Taoyuan: Fuhsing Hsiang, Shangbalin, alt. 1,500 m, on branch of angiosperm, 3 Aug 1988, Wu 880803-12 (H, TNM). Hsinchu: Sanshui, on culm of dead bamboo, 4 Jun 1988, Wu 880404-1 (H, TNM). Miaoli: Taian Hsiang, Kuanwu, alt. 1,900 m, on twig of Actinidia sp., 24 Aug 1988 Wu 880824-41 (H).

 
 
 
 Habitat: null
 
 
 
 Distribution:

Cosmopolitan.

 
 
 
 References:

Wu, SH. 1990.

   
   
   
 Provided:

S. H. Wu

 
 
 Note: This species is very widespread and common all over the world. The variation of the cystidia, basidia, subicular thickness, and even the basidiospores suggests that Hyphodontia sambuci is a species complex, rather than a single coherent species..